Pharmacy Shelving Misouri
Pharmacy Shelving
Pharmacy Shelving
Pharmacy Shelving  


Arnold Aurora Ava
Ballwin Belton Bethany Blue Springs Bolivar Bonne Terre Boonville Bowling Green Branson Bridgeton Brookfield Buffalo Butler
California Camdenton Cameron Cape Girardeau Carrollton Carthage Caruthersville Cassville Chesterfield Chillicothe Clinton Columbia Cuba
De Soto Dexter Doniphan
El Dorado Springs Eldon Eureka Excelsior Springs
Farmington Fayette Fenton Festus Florissant Forsyth Fredericktown Fulton
Grandview Gravois Mills
Hannibal Harrisonville Hazelwood Hermann Higginsville High Ridge Hillsboro Hollister Houston
Imperial Independence
Jackson Jefferson City Joplin
Kansas City Kearney Kennett Kimberling City Kirksville
Lake Ozark Lamar Lebanon Lees Summit Lexington Liberty Linn
MacOn Malden Marshall Marshfield Maryland Heights Maryville Mexico Moberly Monett Mount Vernon Mountain Grove
Neosho Nevada Nixa
O Fallon Oak Grove Odessa Osage Beach Owensville Ozark
Pacific Park Hills Perryville Platte City Pleasant Hill Poplar Bluff Potosi
Reeds Spring Republic Richmond Rogersville Rolla
Saint Ann Saint Charles Saint Clair Saint James Saint Joseph Saint Louis Saint Peters Saint Robert Sainte Genevieve Salem Savannah Sedalia Sikeston Smithville Springfield Steelville Sullivan
Trenton Troy
Valley Park Versailles
Warrensburg Warrenton Warsaw Washington Waynesville Webb City Wentzville West Plains

Flag of Missouri

Seal of Missouri

Nickname(s) : The Show Me State

Motto(s) : Salus populi suprema lex esto



Official language(s)



Jefferson City

Largest city

Kansas City

Largest metro area

St. Louis


Ranked 21 st

- Total

69,709 sq mi
(180,693 km²)

- Width

240 miles (385 km)

- Length

300 miles (480 km)

- % water


- Latitude

36°N to 40°35'N

- Longitude

89°6'W to 95°42'W


Ranked 17 th

- Total ( 2000 )


- Density

80.27/sq mi 
31/km² (27 th )



- Highest point

Taum Sauk Mountain
1,772 ft (540 m)

- Mean

800 ft (240 m)

- Lowest point

230 ft (70 m)

Admission to Union

August 10 , 1821 (24 th )


Matt Blunt (R)

U.S. Senators

Kit Bond (R)
Jim Talent (R)

Time zone

Central : UTC -6/ -5



Web site

For the Native American tribe, see Missouri tribe . For the North American river , see Missouri River . Missouri ( pronounced : /m?'z??i/ or /m?'z???/ ) named after the Missouri Siouan Indian tribe meaning "town of the large canoes", is a central state in the United . It is a state with both Midwestern and Southern cultural influences, reflecting its history as a border state between the two regions. The state's nickname is the Show-Me State , first recorded in 1894. [1] The Mississippi and Missouri rivers are the two large rivers which flow through the state.


[ hide ] 1 Geography

2 History

3 Demographics 3.1 Race and ancestry

3.2 Religion



4 Economy

5 Transportation 5.1 Interstate highways

5.2 United highways



6 Law and government

7 Cities and metropolitan areas 7.1 St. Louis Metro

7.2 Kansas City Metro



8 Education

9 Professional sports teams 9.1 Minor leagues



10 Miscellaneous topics

11 See also

12 References




// if (window.showTocToggle) { var tocShowText = "show"; var tocHideText = "hide"; showTocToggle(); } //



Missouri cities and geographic features Missouri county borders Main article: Geography of Missouri Missouri's border physically touches a total of eight different (as does its neighbor, Tennessee. No in the U.S. touch more than eight ). It is bounded on the north by Iowa ; on the east, across the Mississippi River, by Illinois , Kentucky , and Tennessee ; on the south by Arkansas ; and on the west by Oklahoma , Kansas , and Nebraska (the latter across the Missouri River.) The Mississippi and Missouri rivers are the two large rivers which flow through this state.

North of the Missouri River lie the Northern Plains that stretch into Iowa, Nebraska and Kansas. Here, gentle rolling hills remain behind from a glacier that once had extended from the north to the Missouri River.

Little Dixie is an area of Missouri that lies along the northern side of the Missouri River . The area is so named because of its settlement by people from the American South, also called " Dixie ." It was settled before and following the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

The Ozark plateau begins south of the Missouri river and extends into Arkansas, southeast Kansas, and northeast Oklahoma. Springfield in southwestern Missouri lies on the Ozark plateau. Southern Missouri is the home of the Ozark Mountains , a dissected plateau surrounding the Precambrian igneous St. Francois Mountains . It is in the Ozarks that a distinct dialect, often compared to that of residents in certain areas of Kentucky and Tennessee, still exists.

The southeastern part of the state is home to the Bootheel , part of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain or Mississippi embayment . This region is the lowest, flattest and wettest part of the state, and among the poorest. It is also the most fertile. Cotton and rice production are prominent in this area. The Bootheel area was the location of the epicenter of the New Madrid Earthquake of 1811–1812.

Although now generally considered part of the Midwest , Missouri was once thought of as Southern , the institution of slavery in the state contributing in no small part to this. For example, Mark Twain , who grew up in Hannibal , in Life on the Mississippi described his upbringing as in "the South". Nonetheless, residents of the state's large metropolitan areas, including those where most of the state's population resides ( St. Louis , Columbia , Kansas City ) consider themselves Midwestern; rural areas and cities farther south ( Cape Girardeau , Poplar Bluff , Springfield , and Sikeston ) consider themselves more Southern.

See also: Climate of Missouri , Missouri National and State Parks , List of Missouri counties



Main article: History of Missouri Originally part of the Louisiana Purchase , Missouri was admitted as a state in 1821 as part of the Missouri Compromise . It earned the nickname "Gateway to the West" because it served as a departure point for settlers heading to the west. It was the starting point and the return destination of the Lewis and Clark Expedition . During the Civil War , Missouri, a slave state , remained in the Union , but sentiment was split with a significant portion of the populace supporting the Confederate cause.



Missouri Population Density Map Historical populations Census































































2005 est



As of 2005, Missouri has an estimated population of 5,800,310, which is an increase of 40,778, or 0.7%, from the prior year and an increase of 203,627, or 3.6%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 115,403 people (that is 401,148 births minus 285,745 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 69,669 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United resulted in a net increase of 42,690 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 26,979 people.

As of 2004, the population included 194,000 foreign-born (3.4% of the state population).


Race and ancestry

For Census year 2000, Missouri's demographic makeup was as follows: White (84.9%), (White, non-Hispanic (83.8%)), Black (11.2%), Hispanic (2.1%), Asian (1.1%), Native American (0.4%), Other race (0.9%), Mixed race (1.5%). The five largest ancestry groups in Missouri are: German (23.5%), Irish (12.7%), American (10.5%), English (9.5%), French (3.5%). 'American' includes those reported as Native American or African American .

German-Americans are a large ancestry group present in most of Missouri. In southern Missouri, most residents are of British/American ancestry. The northern edge of the state also has a high proportion of residents of British and American ancestry. Blacks are populous in the City of St Louis and central Kansas City as well as in the southeastern bootheel and some areas of the Missouri River Valley, places where plantation agriculture was once important. Missouri Creoles of French ancestry are concentrated in the Mississippi River valley south of St. Louis.

6.6% of its population were reported as under 5, 25.5% under 18, and 13.5% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 51.4% of the population.

3.4% of Missourians are foreign-born, and 5.1% speak a language other than English at home.

81.3% were high school graduates (higher than the national average) while 21.6% had a bachelor's degree or higher.

The mean commute time to work was 23.8 minutes. The homeownership rate in 2000 was 70.3% with the mean value of the owner occupied dwelling being $89,900. There were 2,194,594 households with 2.48 people per household. The median household money income for 1999 was $37,934 with the 1999 Per Capita Money Income of $19,936. There were 11.7% (637,891) Missourians living below the poverty line in 1999.



Of those Missourians who identify with a religion, three out of five are Protestants. There is also a moderate-sized Catholic community in the some parts of the state; approximately one out of five Missourians is Catholic. Heavily Catholic areas include Kansas City and St. Louis.

The religious affiliations of the people of Missouri: [ citation needed ]

Christian – 83% Protestant – 62% Baptist (mostly Southern Baptist ) – 23%

Methodist – 8%

Lutheran – 4%

Episcopal – 4%

Other Protestant – 23%



Roman Catholic – 20%

Other Christian – 1%



Other religions – 1%

Non-religious – 16%


Several religious organizations have their headquarters in Missouri, including the Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod , which has its headquarters in Kirkwood , as well as the United Pentecostal Church International in Hazelwood, both outside St. Louis. Kansas City is the headquarters of the Church of the Nazarene . Independence , outside of Kansas City, is the headquarters for the Community of Christ (formerly the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints ), and the Latter Day Saints group Remnant Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints . Springfield is the headquarters of the Assemblies of God and the Baptist Bible Fellowship International . The General Association of General Baptists has its headquarters in Poplar Bluff . The Pentecostal Church of God is headquartered in Joplin .



State symbols

Amphibian : American Bullfrog

Animal : Missouri Mule

Bird : Bluebird

Flower : Hawthorn

Insect : Honeybee

Motto : "Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto" ( Latin : "Let the Welfare of the People be the Supreme Law" , compare with King Charles XIII of Sweden ( 1809 ) "The welfare of the people my highest law")

Fruit : Norton Cynthiana grape

Song : " Missouri Waltz "

Tree : Flowering Dogwood

Mineral : Galena

Pharmacy : Missouri Fox Trotter

Fossil : Crinoid



The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Missouri's total state product in 2003 was $195 billion. Per capita personal income in 2003 was $29,464, 27 th in the nation. Major industries include aerospace , transportation equipment , food processing , chemicals , printing/ publishing , electrical equipment , light manufacturing , and beer .

The agriculture products of the state are beef , soybeans , pork , dairy products , hay , hemp , corn , poultry , and eggs . Missouri is ranked 6th in the nation for the production of hogs and 7th for cattle. Missouri is ranked in the top 5 in the nation for production of soy beans. As of 2001, there were 108,000 farms, the second largest number in any state after Texas . Missouri also actively promotes its quickly-growing wine industry .

Missouri has vast quantities of limestone . Other resources mined are lead , coal , Portland cement and crushed stone . Missouri produces the most lead of all of the in the Union with most of these mines in the central eastern portion of the state. Missouri also ranks first or near first among the production of lime .

Tourism, services and wholesale/retail trade follow manufacturing in importance.

Personal income is taxed in 10 different earning brackets, ranging from 1.5 percent to 6.0 percent. Missouri's sales tax rate for most items is 4.225 percent. Additional local levies may apply. More than 2,500 Missouri local governments rely on property taxes levied on real property ( real estate ) and personal property . Some personal property is exempt, including household goods, inventories, wearing apparel and items of personal use and adornment. Exempt real estate includes property owned by governments and property used as nonprofit cemeteries, exclusively for religious worship, for schools and colleges and for purely charitable purposes. There is no inheritance tax and limited Missouri estate tax related to federal estate tax collection.



Current Missouri License Plate Kansas City is still a major railroad hub for BNSF Railway , Norfolk Southern , Kansas City Southern , and Union Pacific . The state of Missouri also has two major airport hubs: Lambert-St. Louis International Airport and Kansas City International Airport . Several highways also traverse the state. St. Louis is a major destination for barge traffic on the Mississippi River. Like Kansas City, St. Louis is a major destination for train freight. The only light rail/subway system in Missouri is the St. Louis Metrolink which connects the City of St. Louis with suburbs in Illinois and St. Louis County.

Following the passage of Amendment 3 in late 2004, the Missouri Department of Transportation (MoDOT) began its Smoother, Safer, Sooner road-building program with a goal of bringing 2,200 miles of highways up to good condition by December 2007. In 2005 the number of traffic deaths in the state increased by 10% to 1,241.


Interstate highways

Interstate 29 , Interstate 229

Interstate 35 , Interstate 435 (the Perimeter around the Kansas City Metropolitan Area ), Interstate 635

Interstate 44

Interstate 55 , Interstate 155 , Interstate 255

Interstate 57

Interstate 64

Interstate 70 , Interstate 170 , Interstate 270 (the Perimeter around the Missouri side of the St. Louis Metropolitan Area ), Interstate 470 , Interstate 670

Interstate 72

Interstate 49 (Proposed)

Interstate 66 (Proposed)



United highways

North-south routes

East-west routes

U.S. Route 59

U.S. Route 159

U.S. Route 61

U.S. Route 63

U.S. Route 65

U.S. Route 67

U.S. Route 69

U.S. Route 169

U.S. Route 71

U.S. Route 169

U.S. Route 275



U.S. Route 412

U.S. Route 24

U.S. Route 40

U.S. Route 50

U.S. Route 54

U.S. Route 56

U.S. Route 60

U.S. Route 160

U.S. Route 460

U.S. Route 62

U.S. Route 66

U.S. Route 166

U.S. Route 400



See also: List of Missouri state highways and Missouri Supplemental Route

Law and government

Main articles: Law and Government of Missouri and List of Missouri Governors The current constitution of Missouri, the fourth constitution for the state, was adopted in 1945 and provides for three branches of government, the legislative, judicial and executive branches. The legislative branch consists of two bodies, the House of Representatives and the Senate. These bodies comprise the General Assembly of the State of Missouri.

The House of Representatives has 163 members that are apportioned based on the last decennial census. The Senate consists of 34 members from districts divided such that the population of each district is approximately equal.

The Judicial department consists of a supreme court consisting of 7 judges. Superior and inferior courts are also provided.

The executive branch is headed by the governor.

The Governor of Missouri is Matt Blunt ( Republican ).

The Lieutenant Governor of Missouri is Peter Kinder ( Republican )

The Missouri Attorney General is Jay Nixon ( Democrat )

The Missouri Secretary of State is Robin Carnahan ( Democrat )

The Missouri State Auditor is Claire McCaskill ( Democrat )

The Missouri State Treasurer is Sarah Steelman ( Republican )

The Senior United Senator is Christopher S. "Kit" Bond ( Republican )

The Junior United Senator is James M. Talent ( Republican )


Although neither major party has traditionally been dominant in Missouri, the Republican Party has been gaining strength in recent years. Missouri has a longer stretch of supporting the winning presidential candidate than any other state, having chosen with the nation in every election since 1904 with the exception of Adlai Stevenson in 1956 . In 2004, George W. Bush won the state's 11 electoral votes by a margin of 7 percentage points with 53.3% of the vote. Missouri has a very notable urban-rural split, as Democrat John Kerry only won four of the state's 115 counties—St Louis City, St Louis County, Ste Genevieve, and Jackson County. Missouri had been a traditionally Democratic state with its most prominent Democrat being Harry S. Truman . However since the late 1970s the state has trended to Republicans.

See also: Missouri bellwether

Cities and metropolitan areas

See also: List of cities in Missouri and List of towns and villages in Missouri

St. Louis Metro

Main article: St. Louis, Missouri St. Louis is the principal city of the sixteen-county St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area and includes eight counties in the state of Illinois . St. Louis is Missouri's largest urbanized area. As of 2004, it was the 18th largest metro in the nation. Some of the major cities comprising the St. Louis Metro include St. Charles , St. Peters , Florissant , Chesterfield , Creve Coeur , Maryland Heights , O'Fallon , Clayton , and University City .


Kansas City Metro

Main article: Kansas City, Missouri Kansas City is the principal city of the fifteen-county Kansas City Metropolitan Statistical Area and includes six counties in the state of Kansas . Kansas City is Missouri's largest city and second largest urbanized area. As of 2004, it was the 27th largest metro in the nation. Some of the other major cities comprising the Kansas City Metro in Missouri include Independence , Lee's Summit , Blue Springs , Raytown , Liberty , and Gladstone .



See also: List of colleges and universities in Missouri

Missouri's public school system includes kindergarten to 12 th grade and requires all children between the ages of 7–16 inclusive to be enrolled in a school.

The University of Missouri is Missouri's statewide public university system, having campuses in Columbia , St. Louis, Kansas City, and Rolla . In 1905 the state established a series of normal schools to teach "teaching norms" at colleges in each region of the state. The initial network consisted of schools in Cape Girardeau , Kirksville , Maryville , and Warrensburg .

There are numerous junior colleges, trade schools, church universities and private universities in the state including Washington University in St. Louis.

The state also funds a $2000, renewable merit-based scholarship, Bright Flight , given to the top 3% of Missouri High School graduates who attend a university in-state.


Professional sports teams

Baseball : St. Louis Cardinals and Kansas City Royals

Football : St. Louis Rams and Kansas City Chiefs

Hockey : St. Louis Blues

Soccer : Kansas City Wizards

Indoor Soccer : St. Louis Steamers and Kansas City Comets

Arena Football : Kansas City Brigade and River City Rage

Tennis : St. Louis Aces , Kansas City Explorers , and Springfield Lasers




Minor leagues

Baseball: Springfield Cardinals (Class AA, Texas League)

Mid-Missouri Mavericks (Independent, Frontier League)

River City Rascals (Independent, Frontier League)

Farmington Firebirds (Independent, KITTY League)





Miscellaneous topics

Pronunciation of the state's name varies considerably and is a source of some contention; some use a distinct "long e" at the end, and others a " schwa "; other less common variants exist as well.

The state is named after the Missouri Siouan Indian tribe meaning "town of the large canoes".

The state's nickname is the Show-Me State . [2]

The USS Missouri , a U.S. Navy battleship , was named in honor of the state.



See also

Missouri River

Missouri tribe

Missouri Pacific Railroad

Henry Shaw Ozark Corridor

List of people from Missouri and the Missouri Wall of Fame

Historic houses in Missouri

List of individuals executed in Missouri

List of Missouri State Highways

List of television stations in Missouri

Missouri Day

Scouting in Missouri




U.S. Census Bureau . Missouri QuickFacts . Geographic and demographic information.

Missouri - Race and Hispanic Origin: 1810 to 1990 ( PDF )







Missouri Government

Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis

State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia

Virtually Missouri - Digital collections of Missouri history and culture

Missouri's African American History

African American Businesses and Information Resource

Missouri State Tourism Office

Vital Records Information

Census Data

Missouri authors and literature at the Southern Literary Review

Missouri State Facts


State of Missouri Capital Jefferson City

Regions Bootheel | Little Dixie | St. Francois Mountains | Ozark Plateau | Northern Plains | Missouri Rhineland | Lincoln Hills | Lead Belt | Platte Purchase | Dissected Till Plains | Osage Plains | Mississippi Alluvial Plain

Metropolitan Areas St. Louis | Kansas City | Springfield | Joplin | Columbia | Jefferson City | St. Joseph

Micropolitan Areas Branson | Cape Girardeau , Jackson , MO-IL | Farmington | Fort Leonard Wood | Hannibal | Kennett | Kirksville | Lebanon | Marshall | Maryville | Mexico | Moberly | Poplar Bluff | Rolla | Sedalia | Sikeston | Warrensburg | West Plains

Largest Cities Kansas City | St. Louis | Springfield | Independence | Columbia | Lee's Summit | St. Joseph | O'Fallon | St. Charles | St. Peters | Florissant | Blue Springs | Chesterfield | Joplin | University City | Jefferson City | Cape Girardeau | Wildwood | Ballwin | Raytown | Liberty | Kirkwood | Gladstone | Hazelwood | Maryland Heights

Counties Adair | Andrew | Atchison | Audrain | Barry | Barton | Bates | Benton | Bollinger | Boone | Buchanan | Butler | Caldwell | Callaway | Camden | Cape Girardeau | Carroll | Carter | Cass | Cedar | Chariton | Christian | Clark | Clay | Clinton | Cole | Cooper | Crawford | Dade | Dallas | Daviess | DeKalb | Dent | Douglas | Dunklin | Franklin | Gasconade | Gentry | Greene | Grundy | Harrison | Henry | Hickory | Holt | Howard | Howell | Iron | Jackson | Jasper | Jefferson | Johnson | Knox | Laclede | Lafayette | Lawrence | Lewis | Lincoln | Linn | Livingston | Macon | Madison | Maries | Marion | McDonald | Mercer | Miller | Mississippi | Moniteau | Monroe | Montgomery | Morgan | New Madrid | Newton | Nodaway | Oregon | Osage | Ozark | Pemiscot | Perry | Pettis | Phelps | Pike | Platte | Polk | Pulaski | Putnam | Ralls | Randolph | Ray | Reynolds | Ripley | St. Charles | St. Clair | St. Francois | St. Louis (City) | St. Louis County | Ste. Genevieve | Saline | Schuyler | Scotland | Scott | Shannon | Shelby | Stoddard | Stone | Sullivan | Taney | Texas | Vernon | Warren | Washington | Wayne | Webster | Worth | Wright