Pharmacy Shelving North Carolina
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Asheboro
Pharmacy Boarding Stable

Asheville
Pharmacy Boarding Stable

Burlington
Pharmacy Boarding Stable

Cary
Pharmacy Boarding Stable

Chapel Hill
Pharmacy Boarding Stable

Charlotte
Pharmacy Boarding
Stable

Concord
Pharmacy Boarding
Stable

Alameda
Pharmacy Boarding Stable

Alameda
Pharmacy Boarding Stable

Albany
Pharmacy Boarding Stable

Berkeley
Pharmacy Boarding Stable

Dublin
Pharmacy Boarding Stable

Emeryville
Pharmacy Boarding
Stable

Fremont
Pharmacy Boarding
Stable

Hayward
Pharmacy Boarding
Stable

Livermore
Pharmacy Boarding
Stable

Newark
Pharmacy Boarding
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Oakland
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Piedmont
Pharmacy Boarding
Stable

Pleasanton
Pharmacy Boarding
Stable

San Leandro
Pharmacy Boarding
Stable

Union City
Pharmacy Boarding
Stable

Alpine
Pharmacy Boarding
Stable

Kinston

Laurinburg

Lexington

Lumberton

Mount Airy

Monroe

New Bern (first state capital)

Pinehurst

Raleigh (state capital)

Reidsville

Roanoke Rapids

Rockingham

Rocky Mount

Salisbury

Sanford

Shelby

Southern Pines

ville

Thomasville

Wilmington

Wilson

Winston-Salem


North Carolina is a state in the Southeastern United of America . It was one of the original Thirteen Colonies , and the home of the first English colony in the Americas . It was also the location of the first successful heavier than air flight when the Wright brothers took off from the beach at Kitty Hawk in 1903. Today, it is a fast-growing state with an increasingly diverse economy and population.

Contents

[ hide ] 1 North Carolina Nicknames

2 Geography 2.1 Ecology

 

 

3 History 3.1 Indians and Lost Colony

3.2 Colonial period and Revolutionary War

3.3 Civil War

 

 

4 Demographics 4.1 African-Americans

4.2 European-Americans

4.3 Native Americans

4.4 Hispanic and Asian-Americans

4.5 Religion

 

 

5 Economy

6 Transportation 6.1 Airports

6.2 Major highways

 

 

7 Law and government 7.1 State constitution

 

 

8 Important cities and towns

9 Education 9.1 Colleges and universities

 

 

10 Professional sports teams

11 Miscellaneous topics 11.1 State symbols

11.2 Armed Forces Installations

11.3 Interesting city names

 

 

12 See also

13 Notes

14 References 14.1 Surveys

 

 

15

 

 

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North Carolina Nicknames

The Tar Heel State

Cackalacky or North Cackalacky

Old North State

The Goodliest Land

 

 

Geography

North Carolina is bordered by South Carolina on the south; Georgia on the southwest; Tennessee on the west; Virginia on the north; and the Atlantic Ocean on the east. The United Census Bureau classifies North Carolina as a Southern state in the subcategory of being one of the South Atlantic .

North Carolina topographic map North Carolina consists of three main geographic sections: the coastal plain , which occupies the eastern 45% of the state; the Piedmont region, which contains the middle 35%; and the Appalachian Mountains and foothills, which take up the remaining 20% of the state in the west.

The coastal plain begins in the east as a chain of narrow, sandy barrier islands known as the " Outer Banks ". The Outer Banks encompass two sounds — Albemarle Sound in the north and Pamlico Sound in the south; they are the two largest landlocked sounds in the United . Inland the coastal plain is relatively flat, with rich soils which grow tobacco , soybeans , and cotton . The major rivers of this section, the Neuse River , Tar River , Pamlico River , Cape Fear River , and Roanoke River , tend to be slow-moving and wide.

Bodie Island Lighthouse , one of the Outer Banks attractions. The coastal plain turns into the Piedmont region along the " fall line ," a line which marks the elevation at which waterfalls first appear on streams and rivers. The Piedmont region of central North Carolina is the state's most urbanized and densely-populated section - all five of the state's largest cities are located in the Piedmont. It consists of gently rolling countryside frequently broken by hills or low isolated mountain ridges. Many small, deeply eroded mountain ranges and peaks are located in the Piedmont, including the Saura Mountains , Pilot Mountain , the Uwharrie Mountains , Crowders Mountain, Kings Mountain , the Brushy Mountains , and the South Mountains . The Piedmont ranges from about 300-400 feet (90-120 m ) elevation in the east to over 1,000 feet (300 m) in the west. The major rivers of the Piedmont, such as the Yadkin and Catawba , tend to be fast-flowing, shallow, and narrow.

The western section of the state is part of the Appalachian Mountain range. Among the subranges of the Appalachians located in the state are the Great Smoky Mountains , Blue Ridge Mountains , Balsams, Pisgahs , and the Black Mountains . The Black Mountains are the highest mountains in the Eastern United , and culminate in Mount Mitchell at 6,684 feet (2,037 m). It is the highest point east of the Mississippi River . Due to the higher altitude in the mountains, the climate often differs starkly from the rest of the state. Winters in western NC typically feature significant snowfall and subfreezing temperatures more akin to a northern state than a southern one.

Areas under the management of the National Park Service include:

The Blue Ridge Mountains are one of the most scenic areas in the Southeastern United Appalachian National Scenic Trail

Blue Ridge Parkway

Cape Hatteras National Seashore

Cape Lookout National Seashore

Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site at Flat Rock

Croatan National Park in Eastern North Carolina

Fort Raleigh National Historic Site at Manteo

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Guilford Courthouse National Military Park in Greensboro

Moores Creek National Battlefield near Currie

Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail

Trail of Tears National Historic Trail

Wright Brothers National Memorial in Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina

Uwharrie National Forest

 

 

Ecology

Main Article: Wildlife of North Carolina

 

History

Main Article: History of North Carolina

 

Indians and Lost Colony

North Carolina was originally inhabited by many different native peoples, including the Cherokee , Tuscarora , Cheraw , Pamlico , Meherrin , Coree , Machapunga , Cape Fear Indians , Waxhaw , Saponi , Tutelo , Waccamaw , Lumbee , Coharie , and Catawba . North Carolina was the first American territory the British attempted to colonize. Sir Walter Raleigh , for whom the state capital is named, chartered two colonies on the North Carolina (then Virginia ) coast in the late 1580s , both ending in failure. The demise of one, the " Lost Colony " of Roanoke Island , remains one of the great mysteries of American history. Virginia Dare , the first English child to be born in North America, was born in North Carolina. Dare County is named for her.

 

Colonial period and Revolutionary War

The first permanent European settlers of North Carolina were British colonists who migrated south from Virginia , following a rapid growth of the colony and the subsequent shortage of available farmland. Nathaniel Batts was documented as one of the first of these Virginian immigrants. He settled south of the Chowan River and east of the Great Dismal Swamp in 1655 . [1] By 1663 , this northeastern area of the Province of Carolina was experiencing full-scale British settlement. [2]

During the same period, the English monarch Charles II gave the province to the Lords Proprietors , a group of noblemen who had helped restore Charles to the throne in 1660 . The new province of "Carolina" was named in honor and memory of King Charles I (Latin: Carolus ). In 1712 , North Carolina became a separate colony. With the exception of the Earl Granville 's holdings, it became a royal colony seventeen years later. [1] On April 12 , 1776 , the colony became the first to instruct its delegates to the Continental Congress to vote for independence from the British crown. The dates of both of these independence-related events are memorialized on the state flag and state seal. [2]

The road to Yorktown and America's independence from England led through North Carolina. As the British army moved north from victories in Charleston and Camden , South Carolina , the Southern Division of the Continental Army and local militia prepared to meet them. Following General Daniel Morgan 's victory over the British Banastre Tarleton at Cowpens on January 17 , 1781, Southern Commander Nathanael Greene led British Lord Charles Cornwallis across the heartland of North Carolina, and away from Cornwallis' base of supply in Charleston, a campaign known as "The Race to the Dan " or "The Race for the River Crossings."

Greene and Cornwallis finally met at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse in present Greensboro on March 15 , 1781. Although the British troops held the field, their casualties at the hands of the superior 4,400 American force were crippling.

On November 21, 1789, North Carolina ratified the Constitution to become the twelfth state in the Union. The North Carolina delegation's reluctance to sign the Constitution was instrumental in creating the United Bill of Rights . The state refused to ratify the constitution until some sort of declaration of the peoples rights was added. The North Carolina Government received a letter from Continental Army General George Washington stating that this was a wonderful idea. Thus, the Bill of Rights was added to the United Constitution . North Carolina worked to establish its state and local governments. In 1840, it completed the state capitol building in Raleigh , still standing today. In mid-century the state's rural and commercial areas were connected by construction of a 129 mile (208 km) wooden plank road, known as a "farmer's railroad," from Fayetteville in the east to Bethania (northwest of Winston-Salem ).

 

Civil War

In 1860, North Carolina was a slave state. However, it refused to join the Confederacy until President Abraham Lincoln called on it to invade its sister-state, South Carolina . The state was the site of few battles, but in the Civil War it provided at least 125,000 troops to the Confederacy— more than any other Confederate state. Approximately 40,000 of those troops never returned home, dead of battlefield wounds, disease and privation. Governor Zebulon Baird Vance , elected in 1862, tried to maintain state autonomy against Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Richmond. Even after secession some North Carolinians refused to support the Confederacy; this was particularly true of non-slaveowning farmers in the state's mountains and western Piedmont region. Some of these farmers remained neutral during the war, while others covertly supported the Union cause during the conflict. Even so, Confederate troops from North Carolina served in virtually all the major battles of the Army of Northern Virginia , the Confederacy's largest and most famous army. The largest battle fought in North Carolina was at Bentonville , which was a futile attempt by Confederate General Joseph Johnston to slow Union General William Tecumseh Sherman 's advance through the Carolinas in the spring of 1865 . In March of 1865, Sherman was able to capture his chief North Carolina objective when he took Goldsboro ; at the time it was the main railroad junction in North Carolina. Johnston surrendered one of the largest Confederate armies at Bennett Place , a farm house in what is now Durham , in late April 1865, weeks after General Robert E. Lee 's surrender at Appomattox . A small, integrated guerrilla force of white and Cherokee Confederates under William Holland Thomas continued fighting in the mountains until May 10. This unit, called the "Thomas Legion," was North Carolina's sole legion and was never actually defeated by Union troops. On May 6 , 1865 , Thomas' Legion fired "The Last Shot" of the Civil War east of the Mississippi River in White Sulphur Springs, North Carolina . It had the distinction of capturing a city ( Waynesville ) then voluntarily ceasing from hostilities. North Carolina's port city of Wilmington was the last Confederate port to fall to the Union. It fell in the spring of 1865 after the nearby Second Battle of Fort Fisher . The first Confederate soldier to be killed in the Civil War was a North Carolinian, Private Henry Wyatt, at the Battle of Big Bethel in 1861. At the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863, the 26th North Carolina Regiment participated in Pickett's Charge and advanced the farthest into the Northern lines of any Confederate regiment. At Appomattox Court House in Virginia in April 1865, the 75th North Carolina Regiment, a cavalry unit, fired the last shots of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the Civil War. For many years North Carolinians proudly boasted that they had been "First at Bethel, Farthest at Gettysburg, and Last at Appomattox."...

 

Demographics

Historical populations Census
year Population

1790

393,751

1800

478,103

1810

556,526

1820

638,829

1830

737,987

1840

753,419

1850

869,039

1860

992,622

1870

1,071,361

1880

1,399,750

1890

1,617,949

1900

1,893,810

1910

2,206,287

1920

2,559,123

1930

3,170,276

1940

3,571,623

1950

4,061,929

1960

4,556,155

1970

5,082,059

1980

5,881,766

1990

6,628,637

2000

8,049,313

2005

8,683,242 Est

 

According to the U.S. Census Bureau , as of 2005 , North Carolina has an estimated population of 8,683,242, which is an increase of 142,774, or 1.7%, from the prior year and an increase of 636,751, or 7.9%, since the year 2000. This exceeds the rate of growth for the United as a whole. The growth comprises a natural increase since the last census of 248,097 people (that is 627,309 births minus 379,212 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 390,672 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United resulted in a net increase of 158,224 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 232,448 people.

Demographics of North Carolina (csv) By race White Black AIAN Asian NHPI AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native - NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

2000 (total population)

75.27%

22.20%

1.65%

1.70%

0.11%

2000 (hispanic only)

4.28%

0.33%

0.10%

0.05%

0.03%

2005 (total population)

74.95%

22.29%

1.65%

2.06%

0.12%

2005 (hispanic only)

5.89%

0.37%

0.12%

0.05%

0.03%

Growth 2000-2005 (total population)

7.41%

8.31%

7.51%

30.62%

17.92%

Growth 2000-2005 (non-hispanic only)

4.93%

8.13%

6.31%

30.71%

16.84%

Growth 2000-2005 (hispanic only)

48.62%

20.36%

25.79%

27.15%

21.63%

North Carolina has 4 Metropolitan Combined Statistical Areas with a population over 1 million:

The Metrolina : Charlotte/Gastonia/Rock Hill, NC-SC - population 2,067,810

The Piedmont Triad : Greensboro/Winston-Salem/High Point - population of 1,473,679

The Triangle : Raleigh/Durham/Cary (official - known colloquially as Raleigh/Durham/Chapel Hill ) - population of 1,467,434

The Cluster Metro : Fayetteville/Fort Bragg/Lumberton , NC - population 763,169

 

North Carolina Population Density Map The five largest ancestry groups in North Carolina are: African American (21.6%), Scots & Scots-Irish (13.9%), English (9.5%), German (9.5%), Irish (7.4%). North Carolina has one of the largest Native American populations in the United .

 

African-Americans

African-Americans are concentrated in the state's eastern Coastal Plain and in parts of the Piedmont Plateau where plantation agriculture was most dominant. Until the mid 1860s, North Carolina had more small farms and fewer plantations than adjacent South Carolina and Virginia. These " yeoman " farmers were non-slave holding, private land owners of tracts of approximately 500 acres (2 km²).

 

European-Americans

North Carolinians of Scots-Irish , Scottish and English ancestry are concentrated in the western mountains, coastal areas, and rural areas of the central Piedmont. Descendents of German ancestry, often of subsequent migration from Pennsylvania, can also be found in smaller numbers throughout the Piedmont. In the Winston-Salem area, there is a substantial population of Czech ancestry from the migration of Moravians during the 18th century .

 

Native Americans

Estimated population figures for Native American in North Carolina as of 2004 is 110,198, or 1.3% of the total North Carolina population. Only five ( California , Arizona , Oklahoma , New Mexico , and Texas ) have a larger Native American population than North Carolina. The total Native American and Alaska Native population in the United is 2,824,751, or 0.95% of total U.S. population.

To date, North Carolina recognizes eight Native American tribal nations within its state borders:

The Lumbee are the largest Native American tribe east of the Mississippi River , the ninth largest tribal nation, and the largest non-reservation, non-federally, albeit state-recognized tribe in the U.S. The Lumbee comprise roughly one-half the state of North Carolina's indigenous population of 84,000 with a population of 52,614, and live in Robeson , Hoke , Scotland , and Cumberland counties. The Lumbee received state recognition in 1885, and have maintained a relationship with the federal government since 1888. Though they lack formal federal recognition, they were recognized as Native Americans by an Act of Congress , known as the Lumbee Act, in 1956.

The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians were federally recognized in 1868 and received state recognition in 1889. The Eastern Cherokee live in western Swain County , as well as Graham and Jackson counties, and have roughly 13,400 enrolled members, most of whom live on a reservation properly called the Qualla Boundary . The Reservation is slightly more than 56,000 acres, and is held in trust by the federal government specifically for the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians .

The Haliwa-Saponi Tribe of Native Americans received state recognition in 1965. The tribe is comprised of a little more than 3,800 enrolled members who reside in northeastern North Carolina's Halifax and Warren counties.

The almost 2,000 members of the Waccamaw Siouan Indian Tribe are located in the southeastern North Carolina counties of Bladen and Columbus and received state recognition in 1971.

The Coharie Tribe of Native Americans are located in Sampson and Harnett counties, and have a population of 1,781 enrolled members. The Coharie received state recognition in 1911. North Carolina rescinded recognition in 1913 but reinstated it in 1971.

The Sappony Indians of Person County received state recognition in 1911 and have 850 enrolled members.

The Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation have a population of 800 members who reside in Orange and Alamance counties and received state recognition in 2002.

The Meherrin are an Iroquoian -descent Native American tribe located primarily in rural northeastern Hertford , Bertie , and Gates counties, with a population of 557 enrolled members.

 

 

Hispanic and Asian-Americans

The state has one of the fastest growing Asian populations in the country; the populations have nearly quintupled and tripled respectively between 1990 and 2002 . Most 2006 estimates claim Asians to be at least 3.2%.

6.7% of North Carolina's population were reported as under 5, 24.4% under 18, and 12.0% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 51% of the population.

 

Religion

North Carolina, like other Southern , has traditionally been overwhelmingly Protestant, with the largest Protestant denomination being the Baptists. However, the rapid influx of Northerners and immigrants from Latin America is steadily increasing the number of Roman Catholics in the state, and the numerical dominance of the Baptist Church is beginning to decline. The current religious affiliations of the people of North Carolina are shown below:

Christian – 88% Protestant – 77% Baptist – 40%

Methodist – 10%

Presbyterian – 3%

Other Protestant or general Protestant – 24%

 

 

Roman Catholic – 10%

Other Christian – 1% (such as Eastern Orthodox or Mormon )

 

 

Non-Religious – 11% ( atheists , agnostics , and others)

Other Religions – 1% ( Judaism , Islam , Hinduism , Buddhism )

 

 

Economy

According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the state's 2004 total gross state product was $336 billion [3] . Its 2003 per capita personal income was $28,071, 38 th in the nation. North Carolina's agricultural outputs include poultry and eggs , tobacco , hogs , milk , nursery stock, cattle , sweet potatoes , and soybeans . However, North Carolina is the state most affected by outsourcing; one in five North Carolina manufacturing jobs has been lost to overseas competition. [3]

Over the past century, North Carolina has grown to become a national leader in agriculture , financial services , and industry . The state's industrial output—mainly textiles , chemicals , electrical equipment , paper and pulp/paper products —ranked eighth in the nation in the early 1990s . The textile industry, which was once a mainstay of the state's economy, has been steadily losing jobs to markets in Latin America and Asia for the past 25 years. Over the past few years another important Carolina industry, furniture production, has also been hard-hit by jobs moving to Asia (especially China). Tobacco , one of North Carolina's earliest sources of revenue, remains vital to the local economy, although concerns about whether the federal government will continue to support subsidies for tobacco farmers has led some growers to switch to other crops or leave farming altogether. Recently, technology, research, and banking have been on the rise, especially with the creation of the Research Triangle Park between Raleigh and Durham in the 1950's, along with Charlotte 's newfound status as the second largest banking center in the United (with New York City being the largest). The state is also a center of American motorsports , with many NASCAR racing teams and related industries located near Charlotte. NASCAR recently announced that the NASCAR Hall of Fame will be built in Charlotte.

North Carolina is one of the largest film making outside of California and New York . Movie studios are located in Shelby , Raleigh, Durham, Charlotte, Asheville , and Wilmington . Some of the films and television shows filmed in North Carolina include: Dawson's Creek , One Tree Hill , Last of the Mohicans , Bull Durham , The Fugitive , Cape Fear , Dirty Dancing , Firestarter , Being There , The Crow , Cabin Fever , Shallow Hal , and Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby . The television show most associated with North Carolina is The Andy Griffith Show , which aired on CBS -TV from 1960 to 1968. The series is set in the fictional small town of Mayberry, North Carolina and was based on the real-life town of Mount Airy, North Carolina , although it was filmed in California . Mount Airy is the hometown of actor Andy Griffith . The show is still popular in reruns and is frequently shown in syndication around the nation.

North Carolina personal income tax is divided into 4 brackets, ranging from 6.0 percent to 8.25 percent. The state sales tax is 4.5 percent. Most taxable sales or purchases are subject to the state tax as well as the 2.5 percent local tax rate levied by all counties, for a combined 7 percent. Mecklenburg County has an additional 0.5 percent local tax for public transportation, bringing sales taxes there to a total 7.5 percent. Effective January 1, 2006, the total local rate of tax in Dare County increased to 3.5 percent, producing a combined state and local rate there of 8 percent. The property tax in North Carolina is a locally assessed tax, collected by the counties. The three main elements of the property tax system in North Carolina are real property , motor vehicles and personal property (inventories and household personal property are exempt).

 

Transportation

 

Airports

Asheville Regional Airport

Charlotte/Douglas International Airport

Craven Regional Airport ( New Bern )

Fayetteville Regional Airport ( Grannis Field )

Foothills Regional Airport ( Morganton / Lenoir )

Goldsboro Wayne County Airport

Hickory Regional Airport

Kinston Regional Jetport

Lake Norman Regional Airport

Moore County Airport ( Pinehurst / Southern Pines )

Piedmont Triad International Airport ( Greensboro / Winston-Salem / High Point )

Pitt-Greenville Airport

Raleigh-Durham International Airport

Rocky Mount-Wilson Regional Airport ( Rocky Mount / Wilson / Elm City )

Rutherford County-Marchman Field Rutherfordton, NC

ville Regional Airport

Wilmington International Airport

 

 

Major highways

Main article: North Carolina Highway System Interstate 26

Interstate 40

Interstate 73

Interstate 74

Interstate 77

Interstate 85

Interstate 95

Interstate 240

Interstate 277

Interstate 440

Interstate 485

Interstate 540

Interstate 785

 

 

U.S. Route 1

U.S. Route 13

U.S. Highway 15

U.S. Highway 17

U.S. Highway 19

U.S. Highway 25

U.S. Highway 29

U.S. Highway 52

U.S. Highway 64

U.S. Highway 70

U.S. Highway 74

U.S. Highway 76

U.S. Highway 117

U.S. Highway 158

U.S. Highway 178

U.S. Highway 220

U.S. Highway 221

U.S. Highway 321

U.S. Highway 421

U.S. Highway 501

 

 

 

Law and government

The state capitol in Raleigh The governor , lieutenant governor , and eight elected executive department heads form the Council of State . Ten other executive department heads appointed by the governor form the North Carolina Cabinet . The state's current governor is Democrat Mike Easley .

The North Carolina General Assembly , or Legislature, consists of two houses: a 50-member Senate and a 120-member House of Representatives. For the 2005– 2006 session, the current President Pro Tempore of the Senate is Democrat Marc Basnight (the Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina is the President of the Senate); The House Speaker is Democrat James B. Black . The prior legislature's power sharing two-speaker arrangement is no longer in effect, as the House Democrats won a decided victory and majority of the seats in the 2004 election.

In 2005, the state Legislature voted to implement a state lottery , nullifying North Carolina's reputation as the "anti- lottery " state, where owning a lottery ticket from another state was once a felony. By 2005, every state surrounding North Carolina had a lottery in operation. The North Carolina lottery began selling tickets March 31, 2006. North Carolina remains a control state , although beer and wine can be sold by retailers.

The Supreme Court of North Carolina is the state's highest appellate court ; it numbers seven justices. The North Carolina Court of Appeals is the only intermediate appellate court in the state; it consists of fifteen judges who rule in rotating panels of three. Together, the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals constitute the appellate division of the court system.

The trial division includes the Superior Court and the District Court. All felony criminal cases, civil cases involving more than $10,000 and misdemeanor and infraction appeals from District Court are tried in Superior Court. A jury of 12 hears the criminal cases.

Civil cases—such as divorce , custody , child support and cases involving less than $10,000—are heard in District Court, along with criminal cases involving misdemeanors and infractions. The trial of a criminal case in District Court is always without a jury. The District Court also hears juvenile cases involving children under the age of 16 who are delinquent and children under the age of 18 who are undisciplined, dependent, neglected or abused. Magistrates accept guilty pleas for minor misdemeanors, accept guilty pleas for traffic violations, and accept waivers of trial for worthless-check cases among other things. In civil cases, the magistrate is authorized to try small claims involving up to $4,000 including landlord eviction cases.

Federal Apportionments

North Carolina currently has 13 congressional districts , which, when combined with its two U.S. Senate seats, gives the state 15 electoral votes .

 

State constitution

Main article: North Carolina Constitution North Carolina has had three constitutions :

1776 : ratified December 18 , 1776 , as the first constitution of the independent state. The Declaration of Rights was ratified the preceding day.

1868 : framed in accordance with the Reconstruction Acts after North Carolina was readmitted into the Union. It was a major reorganization and modification of the original into fourteen articles. It also introduced townships which each county was required to create, the only southern state to do so.

1971 : minor consolidation of the 1868 constitution and subsequent amendments.

 

 

Important cities and towns

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Education

 

Colleges and universities

Barber-Scotia College

Barton College

Belmont Abbey College

Bennett College

Brevard College

Campbell University

Catawba College

Chowan University

Davidson College

Duke University

East Carolina University

Elon University

Gardner-Webb University

Greensboro College

Guilford College

High Point University

John Wesley College

Johnson C. Smith University

Lees-McRae College

Lenoir-Rhyne College

Livingstone College

Louisburg College

Mars Hill College

Meredith College

Methodist College

Montreat College

Mount Olive College

North Carolina Community College System : Alamance Community College

Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community College

Beaufort County Community College

Bladen Community College

Blue Ridge Community College

Brunswick Community College

Caldwell Community College & Technical Institute

Cape Fear Community College

Carteret Community College

Catawba Valley Community College

Central Carolina Community College

Central Piedmont Community College

Cleveland Community College

College of the Albemarle

Coastal Carolina Community College

Craven Community College

Davidson County Community College

Durham Technical Community College

Edgecombe Community College

Fayetteville Technical Community College

Forsyth Technical Community College

Gaston College

Guilford Technical Community College

Halifax Community College

Haywood Community College

Isothermal Community College

James Sprunt Community College

Johnston Community College

Lenoir Community College

Martin Community College

Mayland Community College

McDowell Technical Community College

Mitchell Community College

Montgomery Community College

Nash Community College

Pamlico Community College

Piedmont Community College

Pitt Community College

Randolph Community College

Richmond Community College

Roanoke-Chowan Community College

Robeson Community College

Rockingham Community College

Rowan-Cabarrus Community College

Sandhills Community College

Sampson Community College

South Piedmont Community College

Southeastern Community College

Southwestern Community College

Stanly Community College

Surry Community College

Tri-County Community College

Vance-Granville Community College

Wake Technical Community College

Wayne Community College

Western Piedmont Community College

Wilkes Community College

Wilson Technical Community College

 

 

 

 

North Carolina Wesleyan College

Peace College

Pfeiffer University

Piedmont Baptist College

Queen's University

Roanoke Bible College

St. Andrews Presbyterian College

St. Augustine's College

Salem College

Shaw University

Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary

University of North Carolina system : Appalachian State University

East Carolina University

Elizabeth City State University

Fayetteville State University

North Carolina A&T State University

North Carolina Central University

North Carolina School of the Arts

North Carolina State University

University of North Carolina at Asheville

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

University of North Carolina at Charlotte

University of North Carolina at Greensboro

University of North Carolina at Pembroke

University of North Carolina at Wilmington

Western Carolina University

Winston-Salem State University

 

 

Wake Forest University

Warren Wilson College

Wingate University

 

 

 

Professional sports teams

Despite having over eight million people, the disbursement of North Carolina's population over three major metropolitan areas left the state unable to attract any major professional sports league teams until recently. North Carolina remains without a Major League Baseball team despite numerous efforts to attract a team to the state (including a current push to relocate the Florida Marlins to Charlotte). Although more populous New Jersey also does not have an MLB team, North Carolina is the most populous state without a team from each of the major leagues either within or very close to the state's borders. On June 19, 2006 the Carolina Hurricanes , a National Hockey League ( NHL ) franchise based in Raleigh, won the Stanley Cup . The Hurricanes are the first professional sports team from North Carolina to win their sport's highest championship. For amateurs, the state holds the State Games of North Carolina each year.

Club Sport League Carolina Panthers

Football

National Football League

Carolina Hurricanes

Ice hockey

National Hockey League

Charlotte Checkers

Ice hockey

Minor League Hockey ; East Coast Hockey League

Fayetteville FireAntz

Ice hockey

Minor League Hockey ; Southern Professional Hockey League

Charlotte Bobcats

Basketball

National Basketball Association

Raleigh Cougars

Basketball

United Basketball Association

Charlotte Sting

Basketball

Women's National Basketball Association

Fayetteville Patriots

Basketball

NBA Development League

Asheville Tourists

Baseball

Minor League Baseball ( A ); South Atlantic League

Burlington Indians

Baseball

Minor League Baseball ( R ); Appalachian League

Carolina Mudcats

Baseball

Minor League Baseball ( AA ); Southern League

Charlotte Knights

Baseball

Minor League Baseball ( AAA ); International League

Durham Bulls

Baseball

Minor League Baseball (AAA); International League

Greensboro Grasshoppers

Baseball

Minor League Baseball (A); South Atlantic League

Hickory Crawdads

Baseball

Minor League Baseball (A); South Atlantic League

Kannapolis Intimidators

Baseball

Minor League Baseball (A); South Atlantic League

Kinston Indians

Baseball

Minor League Baseball (A); Carolina League

Winston-Salem Warthogs

Baseball

Minor League Baseball (A); Carolina League

Carolina Railhawks

Soccer

USL First Division ; 2007 expansion

Charlotte Eagles

Soccer

USL Second Division

Wilmington Hammerheads

Soccer

USL Second Division

Carolina Dynamo

Soccer

USL Premier Development League

Raleigh CASL Elite

Soccer

USL Premier Development League

Carolina Lady Dynamo

Soccer

W-League

Charlotte Lady Eagles

Soccer

W-League

 

Miscellaneous topics

The USS North Carolina , a World War II battleship, was named in honor of the state. Now decommissioned, it is part of the USS North Carolina Battleship Memorial in Wilmington. Another USS North Carolina , a nuclear attack submarine, is to be commissioned in 2007.

Haw River, NC is the location of the untimely death of blood plasma pioneer Dr. Charles Drew , on April 1st, 1950. He was driving a group of his colleagues to a medical conference in Alabama when he apparently dozed off at the wheel, resulting in a crash and the mortal wounds that were the cause of his death. An urban myth developed that he had been denied treatment and allowed to bleed to death, because of his being black, but eyewitnesses, including one of his fellow doctors who was at the hospital, have testified that nothing of the sort happened, as detailed in this article from the Raleigh News and Observer [4] .

 

State symbols

Main Article : North Carolina state symbols

 

Armed Forces Installations

Fort Bragg , near Fayetteville ; it is the largest and most comprehensive military base in the United and is the headquarters of the XVIII Airborne Corps , 82nd Airborne Division , and the U.S. Army Special Operations Command .

Pope Air Force Base in Fayetteville, NC.

Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune which, when combined with nearby Marine bases MCAS Cherry Point , Camp Geiger, Camp Johnson, Stone Bay and Courthouse Bay, makes up the largest concentration of Marines and sailors in the world.

MCAS Cherry Point in Cherry Point, NC is home of the MC Harrier , USN F/A-18 Hornet, and USN F/A-18E/F Super Hornet squadrons

Seymour Johnson Air Force Base in Goldsboro, NC

Coast Guard (Part of District 5) Coast Guard Air Station Elizabeth City

Marine Safety Unit Wilmington

Special Mission Training Center at Seymour Johnson Air Force Base

CG Base Fort Macon

CG Station Hobuken

CG Station Oregon Inlet

CG Station Emerald Isle

CG Station Hatteras Isle

CG Station Oak Island

CG Station Wrightsville Beach

CG Station Ocracoke

 

 

 

 

Interesting city names

Towns/areas with interesting names:

Bat Cave (in Henderson County , near Asheville )

Bear Grass (in Martin County )

Big Lick (in Stanly County )

Booger Mountain (near Jefferson in Ashe County )

Buies Creek (in Harnett County , near Raleigh )

Bug Hill (in Columbus County )

Chinquapin (in Duplin County )

Climax (in Guilford County , near Greensboro )

Erect, North Carolina (in Robeson County )

Frog Level (in Pitt County )

Frog Pond (in Stanly County )

Frying Pan Landing (in Tyrrell County )

Fuquay-Varina (in Wake County )

Half-Hell Swamp (Brunswick County)

Horneytown (in Forsyth County , near High Point )

Kill Devil Hills (in Dare County )

Leatherman, (in Macon County )

Level Cross , home of NASCAR racing legend Richard Petty

Lizard Lick (in Wake County , near Raleigh )

Mount Airy (in Surry County , was the inspiration for Mayberry in the popular TV program The Andy Griffith Show , and is Griffith's birthplace)

Nags Head (in Dare County )

Pilot Mountain , near both its namesake and Mount Airy, referenced on The Andy Griffith Show as "Mount Pilot".

Pinnacle , also near Pilot Mountain

Poor Town , near Ahoskie in Hertford County , ironically located near Rich Square

Red Bug , a "suburb" of Shallotte (Brunswick County)

Rich Square (in Northampton County )

Rockfish (in Hoke County )

Roxboro (in Person County )

Sandy Mush (in Rutherford County )

Shine (west of Snow Hill, NC )

Soul City (in Warren County )

Tickbite (in Pitt County )

Toast (in Surry County , near Mount Airy)

Welcome (in Davidson County )

Whynot (near Seagrove )

 

Cities/towns/villages with names of major U.S. cities:

Arlington, North Carolina ( Arlington, Virginia )

Aurora, North Carolina ( Aurora, Colorado )

Dallas, North Carolina ( Dallas, Texas )

Denver, North Carolina ( Denver, Colorado )

Jackson, North Carolina ( Jackson, Mississippi )

Jacksonville, North Carolina ( Jacksonville, Florida )

Jamestown, North Carolina ( Jamestown, Virginia or Jamestown, New York )

Nashville, North Carolina ( Nashville, Tennessee )

Plymouth, North Carolina ( Plymouth, Massachusetts )

Waco, North Carolina ( Waco, Texas )

Washington, North Carolina ( Washington, D.C. )

 

 

See also

List of topics related to North Carolina

List of North Carolina Governors

Order of the Long Leaf Pine

North Carolina state symbols

North Carolina Award

List of individuals executed in North Carolina

List of television stations in North Carolina

List of radio stations in North Carolina

List of people from North Carolina

List of North Carolina county seats

List of counties in North Carolina

List of cities, towns, and villages in North Carolina

List of unincorporated communities in North Carolina

Scouting in North Carolina

Pulled pork

 

 

Notes

^ Fenn and Wood, Natives and Newcomers , pp. 24-25

^ Powell, North Carolina Through Four Centuries , p. 105

^ Fishman, China, Inc.: How the Rise of the Next Superpower Challenges America and the World , p. 179

 

 

References

 

Surveys

James Clay and Douglas Orr, eds., North Carolina Atlas: Portrait of a Changing Southern State (University of North Carolina Press, 1971).

Crow; Jeffrey J. and Larry E. Tise; Writing North Carolina History University of North Carolina Press, 1979

Fleer; Jack D. North Carolina Government & Politics University of Nebraska Press, 1994

Hawks; Francis L. History of North Carolina 2 vol 1857

Marianne M. Kersey and Ran Coble, eds., North Carolina Focus: An Anthology on State Government, Politics, and Policy , 2d ed., (Raleigh: North Carolina Center for Public Policy Research, 1989).

Lefler; Hugh Talmage. A Guide to the Study and Reading of North Carolina History University of North Carolina Press, 1963)

Hugh Talmage Lefler and Albert Ray Newsome, North Carolina: The History of a Southern State University of North Carolina Press (1954, 1963, 1973)

Paul Luebke, Tar Heel Politics: Myths and Realities (University of North Carolina Press, 1990).

William S. Powell, North Carolina through Four Centuries University of North Carolina Press (1989).

 

 

 

North Carolina





North Carolina government

North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

US Census Bureau

North Carolina Scuba Diving photos

North Carolina Travel and Tourism Website

North Carolina Authors and Literature at Southern Literary Review

North Carolina Data

North Carolina County Maps Full color county maps.

Old Growth Forest Wilderness Areas in Western North Carolina

Old Growth Forest Wilderness Areas in Eastern North Carolina

eNCyclopedia from the State Library of North Carolina

North Carolina Court System official site

The Appalachian Trail

North Carolina State Facts

Updates of statewide trends since publication of The North Carolina Atlas in 2000

Lex Mundi's Guide to Doing Business in North Carolina (PDF)

 

 

State of North Carolina
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